friday 20th march
6.30 pm TH E O V E R T U R E’ - a talk by Dr R.P
Today we are inaugurating a series of illustrated
lectures with the title DIVERTIMENTO on various
aspects of Western Classical Music.
begin with we have a discussion on the musical form
of the Overture. This means ‘opening’ or ‘beginning’
and was a piece of music which was played at the
beginning of a dramatic work, be it an opera, an
oratorio or a play. So it is meet that we start this
series with this musical form.
The word ‘Overture’ was introduced into the English
language around the end of the 17th
century. This word though current in England and
France was called ‘Sinfonia’ in Italy.
Another word which was often used was ‘Prelude’.
The early operas and oratorios at the beginning of
the 17th century very often had just a
fanfare or flourish of trumpets to call the
attention of the audience, but gradually this
introduction became more extended musically.
This talk will explore the development of two main
kinds of the Overture, the Italian and the French,
whereby the Italian type became the germ of the
classical sonata, symphony and string quartet.
R.P. Jain graduated with a PhD from the University
of Hamburg . He taught German language and
literature for over 22 years in J.N.U. His interest
in Western music grew imperceptibly, almost by
osmosis from his earlier years in London to his
stint in Germany where his interest in classical
music was kindled. He lives a retired life in Delhi
and is an active member of the Opera fraternity.